Swearing Oaths on the Bible – Tradition and the Law

In 2007, Representative Keith Ellison of Minnesota was sworn in as the first Muslim member of Congress.  During the oath, instead of using the Bible, he placed his hand on Thomas Jefferson’s 1734 translation of the Koran. This created a firestorm of criticism from conservative Christians.  When Representative Rashida Talib of Michigan took her oath … Continue reading Swearing Oaths on the Bible – Tradition and the Law

“Intent of the Founders” — Separation of Church and State

The Founders Disagreed and Held Different Opinions During political arguments and constitutional debates people often cite the “intent of the Founders” to prove their point. However, discerning the “intent” is not as easy as people think. The Founders were independent thinkers with strong personal opinions. They were not united in their beliefs, statements, or actions. … Continue reading “Intent of the Founders” — Separation of Church and State

In Honor of Election Day: James Madison “Father” of the Bill of Rights

There is a serious lack of education and understanding about the inspiring founding of the United States. Most American's don't even know that James Madison is the "Father of the Constitution" and "Father of the Bill of Rights." Thomas Jefferson, the "Father of the Declaration of Independence," proclaimed: "If a nation expects to be ignorant … Continue reading In Honor of Election Day: James Madison “Father” of the Bill of Rights

The Colorful Dolley Madison

In 1794, at age 43, the shy, awkward, small and sickly James Madison, “Father of the Constitution and Bill of Rights,” was still single. James was friends with Aaron Burr, who introduced Madison to a 26-year-old widow, Dolley Payne Todd.  Dolley’s husband, and one of her two sons, had recently died from yellow fever on … Continue reading The Colorful Dolley Madison