Roger Williams -“Early American Heroes of Religious Liberty” (Pt 2/5)

Concept of "Separation of Church and State" Roger Williams Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) is given credit for the phrase and concept of “separation of church and state.” That credit is largely misplaced. The person most responsible for “separation of church and state,” is Roger Williams (1601-1684). Roger Williams made a "monumental contribution. . .  to the cause … Continue reading Roger Williams -“Early American Heroes of Religious Liberty” (Pt 2/5)

What Makes America Great (Pt 5/6): American Political Philosophy and Ideals

The Declaration of Independence, Constitution, and Bill of Rights have inspired the world.  Perhaps the greatest contribution the U.S. has made to humanity is American political philosophy and ideals. A Foundation of a Written Constitution The U.S. government is built on the bedrock foundation - the supreme law of a written constitution. James Madison, the … Continue reading What Makes America Great (Pt 5/6): American Political Philosophy and Ideals

“Intent of the Founders” — Separation of Church and State

The Founders Disagreed and Held Different Opinions During political arguments and constitutional debates people often cite the “intent of the Founders” to prove their point. However, discerning the “intent” is not as easy as people think. The Founders were independent thinkers with strong personal opinions. They were not united in their beliefs, statements, or actions. … Continue reading “Intent of the Founders” — Separation of Church and State

Prayer in Public Schools: The Practical Problems

In 1962, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that prayer in the classroom violated the religious Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.  (Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421 (1962)).  This case caused a firestorm of criticism. The Court explained, “There can be no doubt that state prayer program officially establishes the religious beliefs embodied in the … Continue reading Prayer in Public Schools: The Practical Problems

The Nightmare Bar Exam and the Man Who Passed on the 48th Try

The Grueling California Bar Exam The three-day California State Bar Exam is a grueling challenge. It is the hardest exam in the country. It causes nightmares, nervous breakdowns, and heart attacks. In February 2018, the pass rate was only 27%. In other words, 73%, about ¾, failed.  These are not average folks. These are men … Continue reading The Nightmare Bar Exam and the Man Who Passed on the 48th Try