How Did the Founding Fathers Get Ice in Summer?

Famous Gadsby’s Tavern Gadsby's Tavern My wife and I recently visited Gadsby’s Tavern (1785-1792), a popular pub and inn in colonial Alexandria, Virginia. Famous patrons included George Washington, George Mason, John Carlyle, and Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee. Gadsby's Ice Well Gadsby’s Tavern needed ice for its patrons during the hot humid summers. So they … Continue reading How Did the Founding Fathers Get Ice in Summer?

Jewish Hero of the American Revolution: Haym Salomon

After he sacrificed everything for the success of the Revolution, his loyalty was maligned because he was a Jew. One little known hero of the American Revolution was Haym Salomon. He was a financial hero, who sacrificed everything for the cause of liberty. Revolutions and their armies cost money. The poor thirteen colonies were going … Continue reading Jewish Hero of the American Revolution: Haym Salomon

“So Help Me God”

When I think of the petition “So help me God,” I am reminded of the phrases: “God helps those who help themselves.” “God helps those who cannot help themselves.”“God help those who get caught helping themselves.” Presidential Oath Prior to the inauguration of President Obama, an atheist filed a lawsuit to prevent Chief Justice Roberts from … Continue reading “So Help Me God”

In Honor of Presidents Day: The “Top Five” Founding Fathers

(When I was growing up, there was a separate National Holiday for Lincoln's birthday (Feb. 12) and Washington's birthday (Feb. 22), our two greatest presidents. Those holidays are now smooshed into one Presidents Day, and so no one remembers when Lincoln and Washington were born. Some people think that is for the best. I don't.) … Continue reading In Honor of Presidents Day: The “Top Five” Founding Fathers

“Intent of the Founders” — Separation of Church and State

The Founders Disagreed and Held Different Opinions During political arguments and constitutional debates people often cite the “intent of the Founders” to prove their point. However, discerning the “intent” is not as easy as people think. The Founders were independent thinkers with strong personal opinions. They were not united in their beliefs, statements, or actions. … Continue reading “Intent of the Founders” — Separation of Church and State

Booker T. Washington: Truth and right are not determined by a majority

Great Quotes Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) is an American hero and role model. Raised in slavery, he became the leading advocate for former slaves and their descendants. He devoted his life to fighting Jim Crow discrimination and championing civil rights.    Washington worked in the brutal coal mines and salt furnaces in West Virginia in … Continue reading Booker T. Washington: Truth and right are not determined by a majority

In Honor of Election Day: James Madison “Father” of the Bill of Rights

There is a serious lack of education and understanding about the inspiring founding of the United States. Most American's don't even know that James Madison is the "Father of the Constitution" and "Father of the Bill of Rights." Thomas Jefferson, the "Father of the Declaration of Independence," proclaimed: "If a nation expects to be ignorant … Continue reading In Honor of Election Day: James Madison “Father” of the Bill of Rights

“The Mother of our Country”– The Unwavering Martha Washington

Most histories of America’s founding were written by men.  So, it is little wonder that the great and vital contributions of the women are often neglected.  The Founding Mothers played a crucial role in the birth of our nation. In her most famous letter to her husband, Abigail Adams pleaded for the Founding Fathers to, … Continue reading “The Mother of our Country”– The Unwavering Martha Washington

Benedict Arnold: From American War Hero to Traitor to Enemy

  The Native American Indians tell the tale of a tribal elder teaching his grandson: “There are two wolves inside every person, one good and one evil. They are constantly fighting for dominance, to see which one will win. Grandson, which wolf will win.”  “I don’t know grandfather.”  “The one you feed.”  That is the story … Continue reading Benedict Arnold: From American War Hero to Traitor to Enemy

Washington’s Miraculous Retreat From New York

The founding fathers and mothers attributed the success of the American Revolution to “Divine Providence.” One of the many miracles they recognized was George Washington’s safe retreat from New York  After ending the siege Boston, British General Howe sailed his army to New York with the vast British fleet. General Washington marched his Continental Army to … Continue reading Washington’s Miraculous Retreat From New York